Salzburg enchants for its beauty thanks to many elements that distinguish it and make it unique. The unique position between the river and the mountains, the colors, the squares, the baroque palaces, the music and the colors.
The five squares of the old city are the heart of the UNESCO heritage which, this year, will celebrate its first 25 years of official recognition. Residenzplatz, Domplatz, Mozartplatz, Kapitelplatz and Alter Markt are the unmissable and iconic squares to be seen absolutely in Salzburg which together with the Hohensalzburg fortress form the UNESCO heritage of the Austrian city. On April 22, 2022, an Open day will be organized in Salzburg to showcase the beauties of the city on the occasion of the UNESCO World Heritage Day (April 18).
The Franciscan monastery located between the cathedral and the festival districts reflects Salzburg’s eventful history from the Iuvavum (it was the name of the city in Roman times) to the present day.
A stroll through the alleys of Salzburg
The historic city center of Salzburg, a World Heritage Site, comprises a total of around 1,000 objects and an area of 236 hectares (central zone I). It is impossible to visit the city without encountering buildings, statues and symbols in stone, marble or wood that do not testify to the importance and development of Salzburg. Churches, chapels, monasteries and cemeteries vary with gardens and castles and add to the world famous ensemble.
The magic of Salzburg also emerges during a walk through the alleys and passages of the old town. Each of these 13 passages, which connect the Getreidegasse with the parallel streets, has its own charm, appreciated by both locals and visitors.
Music City Salzburg – W. A. Mozart, Salzburg Festival and Adventsingen
The prince-archbishops of Salzburg were great patrons of the fine arts and thus laid the foundations for Salzburg as a city of music and festivals. Over the centuries, Salzburg’s court music has been able to compete with the best in Europe. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s father Leopold came to Salzburg for professional reasons. His son was considered a child prodigy (1756-1791) and is the most famous son of the city.
The Mozarteum Foundation was founded in 1880, 40 years after the Salzburg Festival. With the Camerata Salzburg, the Philharmonie Salzburg and the Mozarteum Orchestra, the city boasts first-rate orchestras and around 4,500 musical and cultural events take place in Salzburg every year. A particularly impressive musical event takes place every Sunday at 11:45 am: a historical custom is commemorated during the Turmblasen (music from the trumpet tower) at the Hohensalzburg Fortress. In the past, tower trumpeters were used to warn of dangers or to accompany important occasions
Salzburg Festival: Three well-known music festivals per year
- The Salzburg Easter Festival was founded by the conductor Herbert von Karajan and has integrated the Salzburg festival program since 1967. The centerpiece of the Salzburg Easter Festival from 9 to 18 April 2022 will be Richard Wagner’s “Lohengrin”. American tenor Eric Cutler will sing the title role, Christian Thielemann will conduct the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden. This large international orchestra will receive the Herbert von Karajan Prize at the Festival. Richard Strauss’s Alpensinfonie will be performed, the work that the composer dedicated “in gratitude to the Dresden Royal Orchestra” in 1915.
- The Salzburg Whitsun Festival was started in 1973 by Herbert von Karajan as the Whitsun Concerts – since 2012 the Italian singer Cecilia Bartoli has been in charge of the • artistic director. The program of the Salzburg Whitsun Festival from 3 to 6 June 2022 revolves around the Spanish city of Seville. Gioachino Rossini’s opera Il Barbiere di Siviglia will see Cecilia Bartoli in the role of Rosina, the role she once made her professional debut in. The concert program is also dedicated to the essence of Andalusian culture. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at
- The Salzburg Festival in summer is the world’s leading festival for classical music and the performing arts. From 18 July to 31 August 2022, the Salzburg Festival will present 174 performances over 45 days across 17 venues. Highlights of the opera include Mozart’s The Magic Flute and Verdi’s Aida. In addition to Jedermann, the theatrical program includes Schnitzler’s Reigen. In addition to the Spirituelle Overture entitled Sacrificium, the concerts will feature first-rate orchestras and soloists. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at
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