The nature of Formentera can offer incredible landscapes thanks to the variety of vegetation that grows on the island. The lowest level of rainfall in the Balearic Islands make it a privileged island to be discovered in spring, when the beauty of colors and nature show off all their splendor.
Starting from the forests full of junipers and pines, in Formentera you can discover various plant forms such as rosemary, heather and aromatic thyme, strawberry tree as well as a large area of Mediterranean scrub.
17 species of orchids grow in Formentera. This splendid flower requires special conditions, undisturbed soils and particular pollination strategies. It goes without saying that only here can they grow and find particular conditions and the right stability.
Leave them in their habitat and just photograph them!
The fruit trees are colored in spring, giving tasty fruits in the following months. The fig is the symbol of the island but there is no lack of almond, carob and olive trees. The spring fields are colored with poppies, marigolds, daisies and gladioli.
The beaches of Formentera are home to some of the best preserved dunes in the Balearic Islands, such as Ses Illetes, Cavall d’en Borràs, Levante, Migjorn or s’Alga (on the island of s’Espalmador). They include a submerged part – the cliffs formed by the Posidonia oceanica meadows – and an emerged part, the plants that grow on the dunes, with their deep roots, retain the sandy substratum and fix these dunes.
Endemic and coastal plants
In the vicinity of the salt pans various endemic species can be found, such as ‘Limonium formenterae‘, ‘Limonium wiedmanni’ or ‘Limonium gosii’. The rocky stretches of the coast have a more impoverished vegetation. The most common are the ‘Limonium minutum‘, exclusive to the Balearic Islands, and the ‘Limonium cassonianum’ which has white flowers.
The Mola is rich in endemic species, such as the ‘Saxifraga corsica subsp. cossoniana ‘, a tiny plant with white flowers. But it is precisely the endemism that generates fascination for its rarity. In Formentera there are more than twenty endemic plants.