Salzburg, UNESCO protected beauties and festivals

Salzburg enchants for its beauty thanks to many elements that distinguish it and make it unique. The unique position between the river and the mountains, the colors, the squares, the baroque palaces, the music and the colors.

The five squares of the old city are the heart of the UNESCO heritage which, this year, will celebrate its first 25 years of official recognition. Residenzplatz, Domplatz, Mozartplatz, Kapitelplatz and Alter Markt are the unmissable and iconic squares to be seen absolutely in Salzburg which together with the Hohensalzburg fortress form the UNESCO heritage of the Austrian city. On April 22, 2022, an Open day will be organized in Salzburg to showcase the beauties of the city on the occasion of the UNESCO World Heritage Day (April 18).
The Franciscan monastery located between the cathedral and the festival districts reflects Salzburg’s eventful history from the Iuvavum (it was the name of the city in Roman times) to the present day.

aged fortress square with leafless tree
Photo by Alexander Kozlov on Pexels.com

A stroll through the alleys of Salzburg

The historic city center of Salzburg, a World Heritage Site, comprises a total of around 1,000 objects and an area of 236 hectares (central zone I). It is impossible to visit the city without encountering buildings, statues and symbols in stone, marble or wood that do not testify to the importance and development of Salzburg. Churches, chapels, monasteries and cemeteries vary with gardens and castles and add to the world famous ensemble.
The magic of Salzburg also emerges during a walk through the alleys and passages of the old town. Each of these 13 passages, which connect the Getreidegasse with the parallel streets, has its own charm, appreciated by both locals and visitors.

Music City Salzburg – W. A. Mozart, Salzburg Festival and Adventsingen

The prince-archbishops of Salzburg were great patrons of the fine arts and thus laid the foundations for Salzburg as a city of music and festivals. Over the centuries, Salzburg’s court music has been able to compete with the best in Europe. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s father Leopold came to Salzburg for professional reasons. His son was considered a child prodigy (1756-1791) and is the most famous son of the city.
The Mozarteum Foundation was founded in 1880, 40 years after the Salzburg Festival. With the Camerata Salzburg, the Philharmonie Salzburg and the Mozarteum Orchestra, the city boasts first-rate orchestras and around 4,500 musical and cultural events take place in Salzburg every year. A particularly impressive musical event takes place every Sunday at 11:45 am: a historical custom is commemorated during the Turmblasen (music from the trumpet tower) at the Hohensalzburg Fortress. In the past, tower trumpeters were used to warn of dangers or to accompany important occasions

Salzburg Festival: Three well-known music festivals per year

  • The Salzburg Easter Festival was founded by the conductor Herbert von Karajan and has integrated the Salzburg festival program since 1967. The centerpiece of the Salzburg Easter Festival from 9 to 18 April 2022 will be Richard Wagner’s “Lohengrin”. American tenor Eric Cutler will sing the title role, Christian Thielemann will conduct the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden. This large international orchestra will receive the Herbert von Karajan Prize at the Festival. Richard Strauss’s Alpensinfonie will be performed, the work that the composer dedicated “in gratitude to the Dresden Royal Orchestra” in 1915.
  • The Salzburg Whitsun Festival was started in 1973 by Herbert von Karajan as the Whitsun Concerts – since 2012 the Italian singer Cecilia Bartoli has been in charge of the • artistic director. The program of the Salzburg Whitsun Festival from 3 to 6 June 2022 revolves around the Spanish city of Seville. Gioachino Rossini’s opera Il Barbiere di Siviglia will see Cecilia Bartoli in the role of Rosina, the role she once made her professional debut in. The concert program is also dedicated to the essence of Andalusian culture. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at
  • The Salzburg Festival in summer is the world’s leading festival for classical music and the performing arts. From 18 July to 31 August 2022, the Salzburg Festival will present 174 performances over 45 days across 17 venues. Highlights of the opera include Mozart’s The Magic Flute and Verdi’s Aida. In addition to Jedermann, the theatrical program includes Schnitzler’s Reigen. In addition to the Spirituelle Overture entitled Sacrificium, the concerts will feature first-rate orchestras and soloists. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at

Other information:


Tourismus Salisburgo, Auerspergstraße 6, 5020 Salisburgo, Austria,
Tel.: +43/662/889 87 – 0,
Fax: +43/662/889 87 – 32,
www.salzburg.info,
#visitsalzburg

Salisburgo, le bellezze protette dall’UNESCO e i festival

Salisburgo incanta per la sua bellezza grazie a tanti elementi che la contraddistinguono e la rendono unica. La posizione unica tra il fiume e le montagne, i colori,le piazze, i palazzi barocchi, la musica e i colori.

Le cinque piazze della città vecchia sono il cuore del patrimonio dell’UNESCO che, quest’anno, compirà i sui primi 25 anni dal riconoscimento ufficiale. Residenzplatz, Domplatz, Mozartplatz, Kapitelplatz e Alter Markt sono le piazze imperdibili e iconiche da vedere assolutamente a Salisburgo che insieme alla fortezza di Hohensalzburg formano il patrimonio UNESCO della città austriaca.
Il 22 aprile 2022 a Salisburgo sarà organizzato un Open day per mostrare le bellezze della città in occasione della giornata internazionale del patrimonio mondiale dell’UNESCO ( 18 aprile).
Il monastero francescano sito tra il Duomo e il quartieri dei festival riflette la storia movimentata di Salisburgo dalla Iuvavum (era il nome della città in epoca romana) ai giorni nostri.

aged fortress square with leafless tree
Photo by Alexander Kozlov on Pexels.com

Una passeggiata per i vicoli di Salisburgo

Il centro storico della città di Salisburgo, Patrimonio dell’Umanità, comprende un totale di circa 1.000 oggetti e una superficie di 236 ettari (zona centrale I). Impossibile visitare la città senza imbattersi in edifici, statue e simboli in pietra, marmo o legno che non testimoniano l’importanza e lo sviluppo di Salisburgo. Chiese, cappelle, monasteri e cimiteri variano con giardini e castelli e si aggiungono all’ensemble famoso in tutto il mondo. La magia di Salisburgo emerge anche durante una passeggiata tra i vicoli e i passaggi del centro storico. Ognuno di questi 13 passaggi, che collegano la Getreidegasse con le strade parallele, ha il suo fascino, apprezzato sia dalla gente del posto che dai visitatori.

Music City Salisburgo – W. A. ​​Mozart, Festival di Salisburgo e Adventsingen

I principi-arcivescovi di Salisburgo furono grandi mecenati delle belle arti e gettarono così le basi per Salisburgo come città della musica e dei festival.
Nel corso dei secoli, la musica di corte di Salisburgo ha saputo competere con i migliori d’Europa. Il padre di Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Leopold, venne a Salisburgo per motivi professionali.
Suo figlio era considerato un bambino prodigio (1756 – 1791) ed è il figlio più famoso della città. Nel 1880 fu fondata la Fondazione Mozarteum, 40 anni dopo il Festival di Salisburgo. Con la Camerata Salzburg, la Philharmonie Salzburg e l’Orchestra Mozarteum, la città vanta orchestre di prim’ordine e ogni anno a Salisburgo si svolgono circa 4.500 eventi musicali e culturali. Ogni domenica alle 11:45 si svolge un evento musicale particolarmente suggestivo: un’usanza storica viene commemorata durante il Turmblasen (musica dalla torre della tromba) presso la Fortezza di Hohensalzburg. In passato, i trombettieri da torre venivano usati per avvertire di pericoli o per accompagnare occasioni importanti.

Festival di Salisburgo: tre rinomati festival musicali all’anno

  • Il Festival di Pasqua di Salisburgo è stato fondato dal direttore d’orchestra Herbert von Karajan e dal 1967 integra il programma del festival di Salisburgo. Il fulcro del Festival di Pasqua di Salisburgo dal 9 al 18 aprile 2022 sarà il “Lohengrin” di Richard Wagner. Il tenore americano Eric Cutler canterà il ruolo del protagonista, Christian Thielemann dirigerà la Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden. Questa grande orchestra internazionale riceverà al Festival il Premio Herbert von Karajan. Verrà eseguita l’Alpensinfonie di Richard Strauss, l’opera che il compositore dedicò “in segno di gratitudine all’orchestra reale di Dresda” nel 1915.
  • Il Festival di Pentecoste di Salisburgo è stato avviato nel 1973 da Herbert von Karajan come i Concerti di Pentecoste – dal 2012 la cantante italiana Cecilia Bartoli è stata responsabile • del direttore artistico. Il programma del Festival di Pentecoste di Salisburgo dal 3 al 6 giugno 2022 ruota attorno alla città spagnola di Siviglia. L’opera Il Barbiere di Siviglia di Gioachino Rossini vedrà Cecilia Bartoli nel ruolo di Rosina, il ruolo in cui una volta ha debuttato come professionista. Il programma del concerto è anche dedicato all’essenza della cultura andalusa. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at
  • Il Festival di Salisburgo in estate è il festival più importante del mondo per la musica classica e le arti dello spettacolo. Dal 18 luglio al 31 agosto 2022, il Festival di Salisburgo presenterà 174 spettacoli in 45 giorni in 17 sedi. I punti salienti dell’opera includono Il flauto magico di Mozart e l’Aida di Verdi. Oltre a Jedermann, il programma teatrale include Reigen di Schnitzler. Oltre all’Ouverture Spirituelle dal titolo Sacrificium, i concerti saranno caratterizzati da orchestre e solisti di prim’ordine. www.salzburgerfestspiele.at

Altre informazioni:


Tourismus Salisburgo, Auerspergstraße 6, 5020 Salisburgo, Austria,
Tel.: +43/662/889 87 – 0,
Fax: +43/662/889 87 – 32,
www.salzburg.info,
#visitsalzburg

The Wienerwald: the Viennese forest, a UNESCO biosphere reserve

Contrary to what you might think, Vienna has a green lung made up of woods, vineyards and meadows to the west of the city. It extends from the outlying districts of the city to the countryside of Lower Austria. We are talking about the Vienna Woods, one of the 727 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in the world, but the only one, at least among the European ones, located on the edge of a metropolis. It covers an area of approximately 105,000 hectares and extends over seven of the 23 Viennese municipal districts, and over 51 municipalities in the Lower Austria region.

It is a territory where man and nature coexist and benefit from each other. The intertwining of forests and settlement areas, as well as the contrasts between rural areas and the metropolis, produce special natural conditions and at the same time represent a great challenge. The goal is to protect natural habitats and plant and animal species by creating the conditions for responsible development.
More than 60% of the area is covered by forests, the effect of which on the climate, air and water balance is fundamental for the entire metropolitan area. The Viennese Wood in all seasons is a recreational area much loved by residents, a destination for trips and excursions in all seasons: in spring, when primroses appear and the forest smells of wild garlic; in summer, when it becomes an oasis of coolness, where you can find refuge from the heat of the city; in autumn, when the foliage transforms the green of the leaves into yellow and red. But even in winter, with bare trees, its landscapes have an irresistible charm.

Wienerwald
Image by Katharina Jankele from Pixabay

In addition to forests, meadows and vineyards characterize the landscape. There are 33 forest associations and 23 open grasslands, in which very specific animals and plants live. In dry meadows, for example, pulsatilla and yellow hadonide can be found. Siberian iris and marsh gentian grow in wet meadows.
With a variety of 70 plant species and 560 animal species per hectare, lean lawns not only display unexpected richness, but are also particularly beautiful thanks to showy blooms.
Then there are small peat bog meadows, now rarefied, habitat of orchids, amphibians, dragonflies, cicadas and many other insects. In the eyes of hikers and nature lovers, the colorful meadows of the Viennese Wood are the original image of “unspoiled nature”, but all these meadows and pastures exist only thanks to centuries of cultivation by man.
With the disappearance of agricultural use, the meadow would return to the state of forest, through various evolutionary stages.
Finally there are the vineyards: the wine-growing landscapes have motivated the designation of the Wienerwald as a UNESCO biosphere reserve.
On the sunny slopes of the Viennese Wood, viticulture draws the landscape, together with fruit trees, hedges, and stone walls, the latter also surprising natural habitats.

Fraser Island: Australia’s dream island

Fraser island is the largest sand island in the world.
Spanning 184,000 hectares, 123 kilometers long and 22 kilometers wide at its widest point, Fraser Island is a typical dream island with rainforest, endless beaches and transparent sea where we would all like to be shipwrecked and live forever.

History and legends of the island

The traditional name of the Butchulla people for Fraser island was K’gari wich means paradise.

According to a legend, Fraser Island was named K’gari in honor of the beautiful spirit who helped Yindingie, messenger of the great god Beeral, to create the earth. As a reward to K’gari for his help, Beeral transformed her into an idyllic island with trees, flowers and lakes. He has put birds, animals and people on the island to keep her company.

It seems that the island had been occupied for at least 5,000 years or more, but only in 1770 did Captain Cook sight the Butchulla people on the east coast, while Matthew Flinders had contact with the people of the island between 1799 and 1802.
In 1991 the island was named a World Heritage Site and today is managed by the Department of the Environment and Heritage through the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service.

The shipwrecks of the island

Shipwrecks in Freser Island
Photo by Andreas Dress on Unsplash

It seem that about twenty ships wrecked on Freser island, wich today have become an attraction for tourists.
The most famous is undoubtedly the Maheno, which has been stranded on Fraser’s beaches since 1935.
Built in 1905, the SS Maheno operated a regular route between Sydney and Auckland until it was commissioned as a hospital ship in Europe during the First World War.
On 3 July 1935, at the end of the service, the Maheno left Sydney pulled by a ferry but, after 4 days it ran into a cyclone and, about fifty miles from the coast, disappeared into the sea with 8 men on board.
On July 10, a plane spotted the Maheno stranded on the shores of Fraser Island, with its crew waiting on the beach for the arrival of the Oonah ferry, which revealed itself a couple of days later.
Today the Maheno remains stranded in a state of corrosion on the beaches of the island and, emptied of everything,  it’s one of the great attractions of the island.

The dunes and the sand

Seventy Five Mile Beach, Frase Island
Seventy Five Mile beach, Image by Adobe Stock

Fraser island and its dunes are costantly canging. Each year the dunes move based on wind, humidity and the behavior of plants living on the Australian island.
Fraser Island’s colorful sands lie north of Eli Creek and comprise 72 different colors, mostly reds and yellows.

Seventy-Five Mile Beach (pictured above) is an amazing beach highway where all road rules apply, The speed limit is 80 kilometers per hour and it is necessary to give way to planes that land and take off!

The rainforest

Fraser Island
Image by Matt McLeod from Pixabay

Among the unique characteristics of Fraser there is also that of having a rainforest that grows on a soil that is not very fertile such as sand.
Plants derive their nutrients solely from rain and sand. The sand is covered with mineral compounds such as iron and aluminum oxides.
Near the shore, the air contains the nutrients from the splashes of sea water that are deposited on the sand.
In a mutual relationship, the fungi in the sand make these nutrients available to the plants.
These in turn provide various organic compounds to the mushrooms which, having no chlorophyll, they could not synthesize on their own.

Wildlife

Fraser island is an environment rich in wild animals wich, in their own way, constitute fundamental but fragile elements in the context of the island.
Every slightest change or contamination can damage this wonderful environment and its inhabitants who contribute in an important way to preserve the natural balance of the Australian island.

In Fraser, more than 350 species of birds have been sighted, which come to nest here and find an optimal context in which to feed and find shelter. There are almost 80 species of reptiles, of which about twenty are represented by snakes. From July to November, you may also spot dolphins, dugongs, turtles and humpback whales. If you were not yet satisfied with all this life, know that in Queensland and Fraser lives the second most important population of Brumbies, a breed of wild horses typical of Australia.

Fraser’s vegetation

Fraser Island
Photo by GAWN AUSTRALIA on Unsplash

The list of plant species fount in Fraser is truly impressive.
Suffice it to say that on the island there are at least a thousand species divided into 150 different families. Acacia, banksia, barony, callitris, dianella and eucalyptus are just some of the many species present that will welcome you to this beautiful island.

How to get

Fraser Island ferry
Fraser Island Ferry, Adobe Stock Photo

By car, it takes at least 3 to 4 hours from Brisbane to get there. You have to reach Maryboroug and then Hervey bay. Fraser ferry schedules are on these links.
http://www.fraserislandferry.com.au/
and
https://www.kingfisherbay.com/getting-here/fraser-island-ferry.html

Regular bus services are available from Brisbane to Maryborough and Hervey Bay. From the north, services are guaranteed with Greyhound-Pioneer-McCafferty’s, Premier and Suncoast Pacific Coaches. If you prefer the train, you can consult the timetables on the website of the Queenslandrailtravel.

Qantas Link fly from Brisbane to Hervey Bay (Hervey Bay Airport)

What to do and where to stay

Fraser island
Photo by Nick Dunn on Unsplash

If all this beauty ever bores you (I have strong doubts about it), on the island there are many organized activities such as while watching or 4WD tours for example, plus other activities that the two resorts on the island will do their best to make even more your days in this paradise are wonderful. It goes without saying that this is a perfect place for a wedding or honeymoon.

Isola Fraser : l’isola australiana da sogno

L’isola Fraser è l’isola di sabbia più grande del mondo.
Con un’estensione pari a 184.000 ettari, 123 chilometri di lunghezza e 22 chilometri di larghezza nel punto più largo, l”isola Fraser è una tipica isola da sogno con foresta pluviale, spiagge infinite e mare trasparente in cui tutti vorremmo naufragare e vivere per sempre.

Storia e leggende dell’isola

Il nome tradizionale del popolo Butchulla per l’isola di Fraser era K’gari che significa paradiso.

Secondo una leggenda , l’isola di Fraser fu chiamata K’gari in onore del bellissimo spirito che aiutò Yindingie, messaggero del grande dio Beeral, a creare la terra.
Come ricompensa a K’gari per il suo aiuto, Beeral l’ha trasformata in un’isola idilliaca con alberi, fiori e laghi.
Ha messo uccelli, animali e persone sull’isola per farle compagnia.

Pare che l’isola fosse occupata da almeno 5000 anni o più, ma solo nel 1770 il capitano Cook avvistò il popolo Butchulla sulla costa orientale, mentre Matthew Flinders evve contatti col popolo dell’isola tra il 1799 e il 1802.
Nel 1991 l’isola è stata nominata patrimonio dell’umanità e oggi è gestita dal Dipartimento dell’ambiente e del patrimonio attraverso il Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service.

I relitti dell’isola

Shipwrecks in Freser Island
Foto di Andreas Dress da Unsplash

Pare che sull’isola Fraser siano “sbarcati” e rimasti una ventina di relitti, oggi attrativa dei turisti.
Il più famoso è senza dubbio il Maheno, arenato sulle spiagge di Fraser dal 1935.
Costruita nel 1905, la SS Maheno ha effettuato una rotta regolare tra Sydney e Auckland fino a quando  è stata commissionata come nave ospedale in Europa durante la prima guerra mondiale.
Il 3 luglio del 1935, a fine servizio,  la Maheno partì da Sydney trainata da un traghetto ma, dopo 4 giorni si imbattè in un ciclone e, a una cinquantina di miglia dalla costa scomparve in mare con 8 uomini a bordo.
Il 10 luglio un areo avvistò la Maheno arenata sulle coste dell’isola Fraser, con l’equipaggio in attesa sulla spiaggia dell’arrivo del traghetto Oonah, che si palesò un paio di giorni dopo.
Oggi la Maheno resta arenata in stato di corrosione sulle spiagge dell’isola e, svuotata di tutto, è una delle grandi attrazioni dell’isola.

Le dune e la sabbia

Seventy Five Mile Beach, Frase Island
Seventy Five Mile Beach, Foto daAdobe Stock

L’isola Fraser e le sue dune sono in continuo cambiamento. Ogni anno le dune si spostano in base al vento, l’umidità e al comportamento  delle piante che vivono sull’isola australiana.
Le sabbie colorate di Fraser Island si trovano a nord di Eli Creek e comprendono 72 colori diversi, soprattutto rossi e gialli.

Seventy-Five Mile Beach ( foto sopra) è un’incredibile autostrada sulla spiaggia in cui si applicano tutte le regole stradali,
Il limite di velocità è di 80 chilometri all’ora ed è necessario dare la precedenza agli aerei che atterrano e decollano!

La foresta pluviale

Fraser Island
Foto di Mat Mc Leod da Pixabay

Tra le caratteristiche uniche di Fraser c’è anche quella di avere una foresta pluviale che cresce su un terreno poco fertile come la sabbia.
Le piante ricavano i loro nutrienti unicamente dalla pioggia e dalla sabbia.
La sabbia è ricoperta di composti minerali come ossidi di ferro e alluminio. Vicino alla riva l’aria contiene i nutrienti degli schizzi d’acqua di mare che si depositano sulla sabbia. In una relazione reciproca, i funghi nella sabbia mettono questi nutrienti a disposizione delle piante.
Queste a loro volta forniscono vari composti organici ai funghi che, non avendo clorofilla, non potrebbero sintetizzare da soli.

La fauna selvatica

L’isola Fraser è un ambiente ricchissimo di animali selvatici che, a modo loro, costituiscono elementi fondamentali ma fragili nel contesto dell’isola.
Ogni minimo cambiamento o contaminazione può danneggiare questo meraviglioso ambiente e i suoi abitanti che contribuiscono in maniera importante a conservare l’equilibrio naturale dell’isola australiana.

A Fraser sono state avvistate più di 350 specie di uccelli che qui vengono a nidificare e trovano un contesto ottimale dove nutrirsi e trovare riparo.
Le specie di rettili sono quasi 80 di cui una ventina rappresentati da serpenti.
Da luglio a novembre potreste anche avvistare delfini, dugonghi, tartarughe e megattere.
Non foste ancora soddisfatti da tutta questa vita, sappiate che nel Queensland e a Fraser vive la seconda popolazione per importanza di Brumbies, una razza di cavalli selvatici tipici dell’Australia.

La vegetazione di Fraser

Fraser Island
Foto di GAWN AUSTRALIA da Unsplash

L’elenco delle specie vegetali presenti a Fraser è davvero impressionante.
Basti pensare che sull’isola sono presenti almeno un migliaio di specie suddivise in 150 famiglie diverse.
Acacia, banksia, baronia, callitris, dianella ed eucalipti sono solo alcune delle tante specie presenti che vi accoglieranno in questa stupenda isola.

Come arrivare

Fraser Island ferry
Traghetto per l’isola Fraser, Foto Adobe Stock

In auto servono almeno 3 o 4 ore da Brisbane per arrivare.
Dovete raggiungere Maryboroug e poi la Hervey bay.
Gli orari dei traghetti per Fraser sono su questi link.
http://www.fraserislandferry.com.au/
e
https://www.kingfisherbay.com/getting-here/fraser-island-ferry.html

Da Brisbane sono disponibili servizi regolari di autobus per Maryborough ed Hervey Bay.
Da nord sono garantiti servizi con Greyhound-Pioneer-McCafferty’s, Premier e Suncoast Pacific Coaches.
Se preferite il treno, potete consultare  gli orari sul sito della Queenslandrailtravel.

Qantas Link vola da Brisbane alla Hervey Bay ( aeroporto di Hervey Bay)

Cosa fare e dove alloggiare

Fraser island
Foto diNick Dunn da Unsplash

Se mai tutta questa bellezza dovesse annoiarvi (ho forti dubbi a riguardo), sull’isola  ci sono tante attività organizzate come lo while watching o i tour in 4WD ad esempio, più altre attivitàche i due resort presenti sull’isola si adopereranno per rendere ancor più splendide le vostre giornate in questo paradiso.
Inutile aggiungere che questo è un posto perfetto per celebrare matrimoni o per passare una luna di miele.

Le 7 meraviglie del mondo antico: come erano e come sono oggi.

Un tempo il bacino del Mediterraneo fu teatro di una storia che cambiò per sempre la civiltà dell’umanità. In un’area geografica già bella per i suoi panorami sorsero quelle che furono per secoli le sette meraviglie del mondo antico. Ma cosa è successo a questi incredibili siti storici e come sono oggi?

I Giardini pensili di Babilonia

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Hanging Gardens of Babylon- Image by Carla216 from Flickr

Oggi

Hanging Gardens of Babylon today
Hanging Gardens of Babylon today- Image by David Stanley from Flickr

I giardini pensili di Babilonia sono probabilmente la meraviglia del mondo antico che, ancora oggi, è avvolto nel più totale mistero.
Le teorie sulla sua posizione originaria sono varie e in passato sono sorti anche dubbi sulla sua reale esistenza.
Sembra addirittura che fosse solo un edificio privato con poche terrazze.
Il fatto che l’Eufrate passasse già nel punto in cui era stato collocato nell’immaginario delle prime ricostruzioni storiche, suggerisce addirittura che i Giardini Pensili di Babilonia non si trovassero a Babilonia ma a Ninive.

Il Colosso di Rodi

The Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes

Oggi

Image by Manfred Richter from Pixabay

Anche la storia del Colosso di Rodi ha molte varianti e punti affascinanti.
La sua reale posizione non è del tutto certa dato che, secondo alcuni storici, la collocazione originaria della statua sarebbe  potuta essere su un lato piuttosto che come porta d’ingresso al porto.
La sua costruzione avvenne nel 304 aC dopo che Rodi respinse un tentativo di invasione di Demetrio I Poliorcete.
La statua, alta 32 metri, fu eretta in onore di Elio, il dio protettore dei Rodiani.
Nel 653 Rodi fu conquistata dagli Arabi e la statua fu portata via a pezzi.
Si dice che la statua sia stata rivenduta in Siria e mai più ritrovata.
Negli anni ci sono stati vari tentativi di ricostruzione, gare d’appalto e altro, ma, ad oggi l’ingresso al porto rimane come potete vedere nella foto.

La grande piramide di Giza

The great piramid of Giza
Image by Ramon Perucho from Pixabay

Conosciuta anche come Piramide di Cheope, la piramide di Giza è la più grande delle tre piramidi dell’omonima necropoli. Questa è senza dubbio la meraviglia meglio conservata del mondo antico e l’unica che non è in uno stato di rovina o persa per sempre.
La piramide è composta da quasi due milioni e mezzo di blocchi, misura quasi 147 metri di altezza che nei secoli si sono ridotti agli attuali 139 metri e sembra essere stata edificata in un arco di tempo compreso tra i 15 ei 30 anni.

L’antico faro di Alessandria

Ancient Alexandria Lighthouse
Image by Arthur Balitskii from Shutterstock

L’antico faro di Alessandria è la meraviglia che ha resistito più a lungo nel corso dei secoli se si esclude la piramide di Giza.
Fu edificato nel 305 aC dal nuovo sovrano Tolomeo I, parte di un piano di ristrutturazione urbanistica dell’epoca e per rendere più sicura la navigazione marittima nella zona.
Il primo terremoto di Creta, nel 1303 e un successivo vent’anni dopo, la danneggiarono irreparabilmente.
Nel 1968 l’UNESCO, durante alcune spedizioni subacquee, trovò alcuni resti del faro ma successivamente abbandonò ulteriori ricerche.

Il tempio di Artemide ad Efeso

Artemis Temple
Image by Arthur Balitskii from Shutterstock

Oggi

Artemis Temple ruin today
Image by Dennis Jarvis from Flickr

Lo potete vedere dalle immagini sopra. Del maestoso tempio di Artemide resta ben poco, se non la sua storia.
Situato in Turchia, ad Efeso, il Tempio di Artemide vanta una storia molto lunga.
Sembra che la zona fosse già frequentata dall’età del bronzo, ma i primi due templi furono costruiti e ricostruiti solo tra l’VIII e il VII secolo a.C.
Tra il 580 e il 560 aC fu costruito un grande tempio in linea con quelli presenti e successivamente fu eretto un tempio greco in marmo.
Il tempio fu bruciato nel luglio del 356 aC, ricostruito e distrutto dall’invasione dei Goti nel 263 dC.
I suoi marmi furono riutilizzati e nel 401 dC cadde definitivamente in rovina.

La statua di Zeus ad Olimpia

Zeus statue in Olympia
Image by Ingrid und Stefan Melichar from Pixabay

La statua di Zeus ad Olimpia misurava circa dodici metri di altezza e fu realizzata dallo scultore greco Fidia nel 432 a.C.
La statua doveva completare il tempio di Zeus la cui costruzione fu completata intorno al 456 a.C.
La statua rimase nel tempio per 800 anni poi Caligola fu il primo a fare il possibile per portarla a Roma.
Solo nel V secolo, Lauso, alto funzionario bizantino riuscì a inserire la statua di Zeus nella sua collezione di un palazzo di Costantinopoli che fu poi distrutto da un incendio nel 475.
…e con essa anche una delle 7 meraviglie del mondo antico…

Il Mausoleo di Alicarnasso

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Image by Multipedia from Shutterstock

Oggi

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus today
Image by Shadowgate from Flickr

Il Mausoleo di Alicarnasso era una tomba che Artemisia aveva fatto costruire per suo marito e fratello Mausolo.
Si trova a Bodrum, un tempo Alicarnasso e, distrutta da un terremoto, conserva solo poche rovine di quella che era una delle 7 meraviglie del mondo antico.
Fu costruito da Pitide e vi lavorarono artisti come Briasside, Leochares, Timoteo e Skopas.

The 7 wonders of the ancient world: how they were and how they are today.

Once the Mediterranean basin was the scene of a history that changed the civilization of humanity forever. In a geographical area that was already beautiful for its views, what were for centuries the seven wonders of the ancient world were built. But what happened to these incredible historical sites and what are they like today?

Hanging gardens of Babylon

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Hanging Gardens of Babylon- Image by Carla216 from Flickr

Today

Hanging Gardens of Babylon today
Hanging Gardens of Babylon today- Image by David Stanley from Flickr

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are probably the wonder of the ancient world which, to this day, is still shrouded in total mystery.
The theories about its original position are varied and even doubts about its real existence have arisen in the past about it.
It even seems that it was just a private building with a few terraces.
The fact that the Euphrates already passed at the point where they were placed in the imagination of the first historical reconstructions, even suggests that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were not located in Babylon but in Nineveh.

The Colossus of Rhodes

The Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes

Today

Image by Manfred Richter from Pixabay

The history of the Colossus of Rhodes also has many variations and fascinating points. Its real position is not entirely certain, given that, according to some historians, the position of the statue could have been on one side rather than as the gateway to the port.
Its construction took place in 304 BC after Rhodes repulsed an invasion attempt by Demetrius I Poliorcete.
The statue, 32 meters high, was erected in honor of Elio, the patron god of the Rhodians. In 653 Rhodes was conquered by the Arabs and the statue was taken away in pieces.
It is said that it was resold in Syria and never found again. Over the years there have been various attempts at reconstruction, tenders and more, but, to date, the entrance to the port remains as you can see in the photo.

The great pyramid of Giza

The great piramid of Giza
Image by Ramon Perucho from Pixabay

Also known as the Pyramid of Cheops, the pyramid of Giza is the largest of the three pyramids of the homonymous necropolis.
This is undoubtedly the best-preserved wonder of the ancient world and the only one that is not in a state of ruin or lost forever.
The pyramid is made up of almost two and a half million blocks, measured almost 147 meters in height which over the centuries have been reduced to the current 139 meters and seems to have been built over a period of time between 15 and 30 years.

The ancient lighthouse of Alexandria

Ancient Alexandria Lighthouse
Image by Arthur Balitskii from Shutterstock

The ancient lighthouse of Alexandria is the wonder that has endured the longest over the centuries if we exclude the pyramid of Giza.
It was built in 305 BC by the new ruler Ptolemy I, part of an urban restructuring plan of the time and to make the navigation of the seas in the area safer.
The first earthquake in Crete, in 1303 and a subsequent one twenty years later, damaged it irreparably.
In 1968, UNESCO, during some underwater expeditions, found some remains of the lighthouse but subsequently abandoned further research.

The temple of Artemis in Ephesus

Artemis Temple
Image by Arthur Balitskii from Shutterstock

Today

Artemis Temple ruin today
Image by Dennis Jarvis from Flickr

You can see it from the pictures above. Very little remains of the majestic temple of Artemis, if not its history. Located in Turkey, in Ephesus, the Temple of Artemis boasts a very long history. It seems that the area was already frequented by the Bronze Age, but the first two temples were built and rebuilt only between the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Between 580 and 560 BC a large temple was built in line with those present and subsequently the construction of a Greek temple in marble. The temple was burned in the July of 356 BC, rebuilt and destroyed by the invasion of the Goths in 263 AD. Its marbles were reused and in 401 AD it definitively fell into disrepair

Zeus statue in Olympia

Zeus statue in Olympia
Image by Ingrid und Stefan Melichar from Pixabay

The statue of Zeus in Olympia measured about twelve meters in height and was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias in 432 BC.
The statue was to complete the temple of Zeus whose construction was completed around 456 BC.
The statue remained in the temple for 800 years then Caligula was the first to do everything possible to bring it to Rome.
Only in the fifth century, however, Lauso, a high Byzantine official managed to include the statue of Zeus in his collection of a palace in Constantinople which was later destroyed in a fire in 475.
…and with it also one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world …

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Image by Multipedia from Shutterstock

Today

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus today
Image by Shadowgate from Flickr

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a tomb that Artemisia had built for her husband and brother Mausolus. It is located in Bodrum, once Halicarnassus and, destroyed by an earthquake, it preserves only a few ruins of what was one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. It was built by Pitide and artists such as Briasside, Leochares, Timoteo and Skopas worked on it.

Gran Canaria: the unique beauty of a special island

Gran Canaria is one of the 7 islands that make up the Autonomous Community of the Canaries. It is a thousand kilometers from Cádiz, the closest European port, and 210 kilometers from the coast of North Africa.

381,000 of its 855,000 inhabitants live in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, the nerve center and capital of the island which, in the years before the pandemic, hosted almost half of the tourists who traveled to the island.
If we think that in normal conditions Gran Canaria could welcome something like 4 and a half million tourists a year, it is easy to understand what kind of importance the island has on a planetary level and how much it is loved by European travelers.
Generally it is German, English, Northern European and Spanish tourists who are most attracted to the beauties of Gran Canaria.

Beaches, sun, nature, gastronomy and the possibility of practicing outdoor sports all year round make this island a unique destination in the world. In recent times, the possibility of working in smart working has added new frontiers to tourism in Gran Canaria.

8000 remote workers now live on the island taking advantage of the high-speed internet connection and the possibility of integrating well into local communities.
For Gran Canaria it means hosting international talent while attracting a new form of tourism. The professionals who decide to come to work on the island are Germans, English, Americans, Italians and French who decide to stay in Gran Canaria for at least 2 months

Play sport

Route GC-200 in Gran Canaria
Route GC-200 in Gran Canaria-Photo by Polina Rytova on Unsplash

The climate of the Canary Islands generally favors outdoor sports activities. In particular in Gran Canaria, there are 7 golf courses among which it is necessary to mention the Real Club de Golf of Las Palma, the oldest in all of Spain, whose birth dates back to 1891. The spectacular landscapes of the island also give the opportunity to practice excursions and trekking among incredible scenarios: just imagine what a simple but healthy walk in the dunes of Maspalomas or a trekking on Roque Nublo can be.

Dunes de Maspalomas
Dunas de Maspalomas-Photo by Klaus Stebani from Pixabay

Then imagine the coast and the sea, where you can choose between different water sports: from sport fishing, passing through surfing, wind surfing or kite surfing, sailing, scuba diving and much more. Cycling finds in Gran Canaria an excellent response also from professional teams not only for the excellent climate which, even in winter, allows athletes to train in spring climates, but thanks to sinuous and well-kept roads in the interior and spectacular views along the coast..

Gastronomy

Tray,With,Assortment,Of,Fish,And,Seafood,
Tray with assortment of fish and seafood- Shutterstock image

So.
When it comes to Spain, the sea, mild climates and good food, I never know where to start.
The fish dishes and the restaurants on the coast just so as not to stray too far from the photo above.
But also and above all local products of the land and wines with a controlled designation of origin.
The flavors of Gran Canaria are original and natural, whether they come from the sea or from the land.
Patatas arrugadas, sanchocho and many varieties of stews are just some of the typical flavors of the island that you must absolutely try. The only coffee produced in Europe is grown in the Agaete Valley; Bodega Arehucas Rum is the largest and oldest of its kind in the entire European continent.
Gran Canaria is also part of the Saborea España project, created to highlight the products and ingredients of local dishes, as well as the skills of the chefs who cook in the island’s restaurants

A historical and natural heritage

Caves of Valeron
Caves of Valeron- Shutterstock image

Gran Canaria has unique climatic characteristics thanks to its peaks that reach maximum altitudes above 1900 m above sea level.
This means that it has been defined as a miniature continent and declared by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve, thanks to the sustainable development of its environment and the conservation of the species living on the island.

If the tourists who visit Gran Canaria choose it for the climate, the sea and the beaches, it is indisputable that the historical and natural heritage of the island is unmatched in the world.
The natural pools in Guía, the Special Reserve of Los Tilos de Moya, the only remaining laurel forest in Gran Canaria, the Painted Cave Museum and the Archaeological Park, the beaches and steep cliffs around Agaete, the historic center of Arucas, the woods around Osorio in Teror and the Azuaje gorge in Firgas.
How not to mention the Nublo Rural Park and the Special Nature Reserve of the Dunes of Maspalomas which are probably the most representative of the island.

Roque Nublo
Roque Nublo_ Photo by Mandy Schneider from Pixabay

Gran Canaria also offers various archaeological sites not to be missed for any reason in the world, such as the Caves of Valerón (Santa María de Guía), the Roque Bentayga Visitor Center (Tejeda), the Archaeological Park of Maipés (Agaete), the Necropolis of Arteara (San Bartolomé de Tirajana), Cañada de Los Gatos (Mogán), the Visitor Center of the Guayadeque Ravine (Agüimes) and La Fortaleza Visitor Center (Santa Lucia de Tirajana).

Gran Canaria has also been declared a “Tourist Destination Starlight” by the United Nations for education, science and culture (UNESCO).
Astro tourism is one of the flagship projects of Gran Canaria, and has launched at conquer its spectacular night skies by fighting against light contamination in an attempt to restore the right to observe the stars.
The island wishes to recover the quality of the skies that the Aborigines used to see, with unique astronomical indicators, diversifying the range of tourist offerings and opening new windows of knowledge.
To this end, this defense of the skies over Gran Canaria has become the backbone of the intervention of the island’s authorities, while many are working to ensure that the original settlement archaeological site of Risco Caído, in Artenara, is declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, together with the Areas Sacred of the Montaña de Gran Canaria.

5 curiosities about Gran Canaria

curious frogs

  • British writer Agatha Christie traveled to Gran Canaria and stayed at the Metropole Hotel. She sat outside for hours and looked out at the sand and seascape. Some of her adventures by Hercules Poirot were written from the terrace of her hotel
  • Moby Dick, starring Gregory Peck, was shot on Las Canteras Beach in 1954
  • Researchers from the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria are trying to confirm their hypothesis that the 1755 Lisbon earthquake caused a tidal wave that reached Gran Canaria and generated the Maspalomas dunes. (other theories say that the sand came from the Sahara).
  • Gran Canaria has the “nickname” of miniature continent due to the great variety of landscapes and climates found on the island. On some winter days visitors can be on the beach with a mild 22ºC, then within an hour climb to the top and find snow, 0ºC.
  • Gran Canaria boasts 33 different protected areas that extend over 66,707 hectares, which is less than half of the total area of the island (42.75%)

Gran Canaria: la bellezza unica di un’isola speciale

Gran Canaria è una delle 7 isole che compongono la Comunità Autonoma delle Canarie. Dista un migliaio di Chilometri da Cádiz, il porto europeo più vicino, e 210 chilometri dalle coste del Nord Africa.

381 mila dei suoi 855 mila abitanti vivono a Las Palmas di Gran Canaria,centro nevralgico e capoluogo dell’isola che, negli anni prima della pandemia, arrivava a ospitare quasi la metà dei turisti che viaggiavano sull’isola.
Se pensiamo che in condizioni normali Gran Canaria poteva accogliere qualcosa come 4 milioni e mezzo di turisti l’anno, si fa presto a capire che tipo di importanza abbia l’isola a livello planetario e quanto sia amata dai viaggiatori europei.
In genere sono i turisti tedeschi, inglesi, nord europei e spagnoli, quelli maggiormente attratti dalle bellezze di Gran Canaria.
Spiagge, sole, natura, gastronomia e possibilità di praticare sport all’aria aperta tutto l’anno, fanno di quest’isola una meta unica al mondo.
Negli ultimi tempi la possibilità di lavorare in smart working , ha aggiunto nuove frontiere al turismo di Gran Canaria.
8000 lavoratori da remoto vivono ormai sull’isola sfruttando la connessione ad internet ad alta velocità e la possibilità di integrarsi bene nelle comunità locali.
Per Gran Canaria significa ospitare talenti internazionali attirando, allo stesso tempo, una nuova forma di turismo.
I professionisti che decidono di venire a lavorare sull’isola sono tedeschi, inglesi, americani, italiani e francesi che decidono di fermarsi a Gran Canaria per almeno 2 mesi.

Praticare Sport


  percorso GC-200 a Gran Canaria
Percorso GC-200 a Gran Canaria
Foto di Polina Rytova da Unsplash

Il clima delle isole Canarie in genere, favorisce le attività sportive all’aria aperta. In particolare a Gran Canaria, si contano 7 campi da golf tra i quali è necessario menzionare il Real Club de Golf di Las Palma, il più antico di tutta la Spagna, la cui nascita risale al 1891.
I paesaggi spettacolari dell’isola danno inoltre la possibilità di praticare escursioni e trekking tra scenari incredibili: immaginate solamente cosa possa essere una semplice ma salutare camminata tra le dune di Maspalomas o un trekking su Roque Nublo.

Dunas de Maspalomas
Dunas de Maspalomas
Foto di Klaus Stebani da Pixabay

Immaginate poi il litorale e il mare, dove potete scegliere tra differenti sport d’acqua: dalla pesca sportiva, passando per il surf, il wind surf o il kite surf, la vela, le immersioni subacquee e tanto altro.
Il ciclismo trova a Gran Canaria un ottimo riscontro anche da parte di squadre di professionisti non solo per l’ottimo clima che, anche in inverno, permette agli atleti di allenarsi con climi primaverili, ma grazie a strade sinuose e ben tenute nell’interno e viste spettacolari lungo la costa.

Gastronomia

Vassoio con assortimento di pesce e frutti di mare in un ristorante sulla costa di Gran Canaria, Isole Canarie
Gran Canaria: vassoio con assortimento di pesce e frutti di mare sul litorale
Foto Shutterstock

Dunque.
Quando si parla di Spagna, mare, climi miti e buon cibo non so mai da dove cominciare.
I piatti di pesce e i ristoranti sulla costa tanto per non allontanarci troppo dalla foto sopra. Ma anche e soprattutto prodotti locali della terra e vini di denominazione di Origine controllata.
I sapori di Gran Canaria sono originali e naturali, sia che vengano dal mare che dalla terra.
Le Patatas arrugadas, il sanchocho e molte varietà di stufati rappresentano solo alcuni dei sapori tipici dell’isola da provare assolutamente.
Nella Valle di Agaete si coltiva l’unico caffè prodotto in Europa; la Bodega Arehucas Rum è la più grande e antica del suo genere in tutto il continente europeo.
Gran Canaria fa anche parte del progetto di Saborea España, nato per mettere in risalto i prodotti e gli ingredienti dei piatti locali, nonché le doti degli chef che cucinano nei ristoranti dell’isola.

Un patrimonio storico e naturale

Cenobio de Valerón
Cenobio de Valerón
Foto Shutterstock

Gran Canaria ha caratteristiche climatiche uniche grazie alle sue vette che raggiungono altitudini massime superiori ai 1900 m slm.
Questo fa si che sia stata definita come un continente in miniatura e dichiarata dall’UNESCO come Riserva della Biosfera, merito dello sviluppo sostenibile del suo ambiente e della conservazione delle specie che vivono sull’isola.

Se i turisti che visitano Gran Canaria la scelgono per il clima, il mare e le spiagge, è indiscutibile che il patrimonio storico e naturale dell’isola non ha eguali al mondo.
Le piscine naturali a Guía, la Riserva Speciale di Los Tilos de Moya, l’unica foresta di alloro rimasta a Gran Canaria, il Museo della Grotta Dipinta e il Parco Archeologico, le spiagge e le ripide scogliere intorno ad Agaete, il centro storico di Arucas, i boschi intorno a Osorio a Teror e la gola di Azuaje a Firgas.
Come non citare poi Il Parco Rurale di Nublo e la Riserva Naturale Speciale delle Dune di Maspalomas che sono probabilmente le attrazioni più
rappresentative delll’isola.

Roque Nublo
Roque Nublo
Foto di Mandy Schneider da Pixabay

Gran Canaria offre poi vari siti archeologici da non perdere per nessun motivo al mondo, come il Cenobio de Valerón (Santa María de Guía), il Centro Visitatori Roque Bentayga (Tejeda), il Parco Archeologico di Maipés (Agaete), la Necropoli di Arteara ( San Bartolomé de Tirajana), Cañada de Los Gatos (Mogán), il Centro Visitatori del Burrone Guayadeque (Agüimes) e il Centro Visitatori La Fortaleza (Santa Lucia di Tirajana).

Gran Canaria è stata dichiarata inoltre “Destinazione turistica
Starlight” dall’Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per
l’istruzione, la scienza e la cultura (UNESCO). L’Astro turismo
è uno dei progetti di punta di Gran Canaria, e si è lanciato alla
conquista dei suoi spettacolari cieli notturni combattendo
contro la contaminazione della luce, nel tentativo di ripristinare
il diritto all’osservazione delle stelle. L’isola desidera recuperare la qualità dei cieli che gli aborigeni erano soliti vedere, con indicatori astronomici unici, diversificando la gamma di offerte turistiche e aprendo nuove finestre di conoscenza.
A tal fine, questa difesa dei cieli su Gran Canaria è diventata
la spina dorsale dell’intervento delle autorità dell’isola, mentre
molti si stanno impegnando affinché l’originario insediamento
archeologico di Risco Caído, ad Artenara, sia dichiarato
Patrimonio dell’Umanità dall’UNESCO , insieme alle Aree
Sacre della Montaña de Gran Canaria.

5 curiosità su Gran Canaria

Foto di Here and now, unfortunately, ends my journey on Pixabay da Pixabay
  • La scrittrice britannica Agatha Christie si recò a Gran Canaria e soggiornò al Metropole Hotel. Si sedeva fuori per ore e guardava la sabbia e il paesaggio marino. Alcune delle sue avventure di Hercules Poirot sono state scritte dalla terrazza del suo hotel.
  • Il film Moby Dick, con Gregory Peck, è statogirato a Las Canteras Beach nel 1954.
  • I ricercatori dell’Università di Las Palmas de Gran Canaria stanno cercando di confermare la loro ipotesi che il terremoto di Lisbona del 1755 abbia causato un’onda di marea che ha raggiunto Gran Canaria e generato le dune di Maspalomas. (altre teorie dicono che la sabbia sia arrivata dal Sahara).
  • Gran Canaria ha il “soprannome” di Continente in Miniatura per la grande varietà di paesaggi e climi che si trovano sull’isola. In alcune giornate invernali i visitatori possono essere sulla spiaggia con una temperatura di 22º C mite, poi nel giro di un’ora salire in cima e trovare la neve, con 0ºC.
  • Gran Canaria vanta 33 diverse aree protette che si estendono su 66.707 ettari, vale a dire meno della metà della superficie totale dell’isola (42,75%).


Ibiza: a journey through beaches, markets, gastronomy and nature

Ibiza is well suited to all types of travelers. Whether you are a family, a couple, a group of friends or maybe sportsmen looking for a particular environment, in Ibiza you will find an island full of unique emotions and suggestions.
With its 572 km² of total area, Ibiza is easy to explore, as you won’t have to travel too many kilometers from one point to the other on the island. The points of greatest interest are generally about 15 ‘away from each other and thus, you will have all the time to discover the beauties, the beaches and the gastronomy that this Balearic island has to offer.

The pleasures of the island

Kayaking in Ibiza
Kayaking in Ibiza
Image from Promoción Turística de Ibiza

Ibiza enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate that allows you to visit it, taking advantage of a good climate all year round.
With 3000 hours of sunshine per year, very little rainfall, turquoise waters and the possibility of practicing many “sea sports”, Ibiza offers many possibilities and freedom for recreation.
There is certainly no lack of nature, sunsets, the typical scents of the Mediterranean and the opportunity to fully enjoy the beaches of the island.


The nature

Posidonia Oceanica
Posidonia Oceanica
Underwater sea, Mediterranean, Balearic Islands, Ibiza, Spain

40% of the island is covered with pine and juniper forests divided into 1800 different species.
The flora, of the Mediterranean type, has a variety of 940 different species. 43% of Ibiza’s land area is protected, of which around 18% is divided into eight natural areas.
If that wasn’t enough, keep in mind that 75.4% of the island’s coastline is protected. Just to name a few, make a note of the Marine Reserve of the north-east coast of Ibiza-Tagomago, the Natural Reserves of Es Vedrà, Es Vedranell and the islets to the west.
Although the wetlands of the island attract many species of birds, the characteristic animal of Ibiza remains the pythous lizard, easy to spot on the walls or in the paths.

Ibizan podenco
Podenco
Promoción turistica de Ibiza
Image by Vincent Marí

Another characteristic animal of the island is the Ibizan podenco, a particular breed of native dog of Egyptian origin that seems to have brought the Carthaginians in 654 AD, when they founded the city of Ibiza.
It is an elegant, agile, strong breed with a very supple walk.

According to UNESCO, Ibiza is a privileged environment for the conservation of Posidonia Oceanica, a World Heritage Site as well as an aquatic and endemic plant of the Mediterranean.
These aquatic plants are not only responsible for the purity of sea water but significantly contribute to reducing the erosion of marine coasts. Posidonia Oceanica is also a form of nourishment for various marine species and, for all these reasons, it is essential that it be preserved, avoiding damage or loss over the years.

Sea Salines, Ibiza
Sea Salines
Image by Vincent Marí

Sea Salines has become a natural park since 2001. With an area of 3000 land hectares and 13,000 sea hectares, the natural park of Ibiza is an environmental wealth and protected reserve for 210 species of birds, among which flamingos, Himantopus and the Balearic Shearwater stand out.
The park, thanks to its salt pans, is able to produce 50,000 tons of salt every year.


The UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Phoenician city, sa Caleta, Ibiza
Phoenician city, sa Caleta, Ibiza
Image Consell d’Eivissa

In addition to the aforementioned Posidonia Oceanica, Ibiza can avail itself of UNESCO heritage sites of all respect and historical importance. In 1999, UNESCO declared the walls of Dalt Vila a World Heritage Site, as the best-preserved coastal fortress in the whole of the Mediterranean.
The same goes for the remains of the Phoenician city of sa Caleta and the necropolis of Puig de Molins, perfectly preserved over time.

The Renaissance walls that “envelop” the ancient city with the Cathedral and the Almudaina Castle on top, are the most important monuments of Ibiza.
Dalt Vila is made up of narrow labyrinthine streets, calli and squares that give a sense of serenity completely opposite to that of the port, the bay and the commercial area of the barrios of la Marina and Sa Penya.

According to UNESCO, the remains of the Phoenician city of Sa Caleta and the Phoenician-Punic necropolis are a very important testimony of the life, culture and urbanization of the Phoenician and Carthaginian cultures.

The underwater grasslands of Posidonia oceanica represent a natural wealth both for Ibiza and for the global marine biodiversity. The so-called “lungs of the sea” present in the waters of the island are among the best preserved in the Mediterranean and, as such, they must remain.

Shopping and markets

Artisania market, Ibiza
Mercado artisania, Ibiza
Image by Jon Izeta

Shopping in Ibiza could be just as rewarding as doing it in a big city: from major international brands to small and young designers, passing through local crafts, it will be possible to find and discover everything on the island.
Dalt Vila, the barrio de La Marina, Avenida Bartolomé Roselló and Marina Botafoch are just some of the areas where you can go shopping for “depth”. Letting yourself be carried away by the colorful shop in the middle of a street is certainly the best thing to do. You can come in and find many surprises all of a sudden.

Sant’Eulària, Sant Josep, Sant Antoni and Sant Joan contain a multitude of excellent commercial boutiques inspired by local products where you can find authentic treasures.
The markets of Las Dalias and Punta Arabí are absolutely worth a visit. Las Dalias opens all year round on Saturdays, while in summer it also has a night “version”; unique.
Punta Arabí for 25 years every Wednesday with about 400 stalls.

But if you love stalls and markets, you cannot miss the local handicraft stalls at the Port of Ibiza, Figueretes, Sant’Eulària, Sant Antoni, Sant Joan, San Miquel or the works of the potters of San Rafael.

Local gastronomy

Squid fried
Frita de calamar
Image by Vincent Marí

The gastronomy of Ibiza is mainly based on the Mediterranean trilogy, consisting of wheat, wine and olive oil. The sea and the land so generous have always given possibilities and multitudes of traditional recipes, elaborated according to the season and the climatic conditions of the island.

Flaó
Flaó
Image by Vincent Marí
Ibiza wine
Vino de Ibiza
Image by Vincent Marí

The food markets


The traditions of the island

Ball Pagés: Traditional Ibiza dance
Ball pagés
Image San Joan de Labritja

Ibiza boasts a rich heritage of traditions that allow anyone who visits it to immerse themselves even more in the heart of the island. The island’s countryside has been self-sufficient for generations thanks to the spirit of self-adaptation and the ability of the people of Ibiza to make the most of nature’s resources.
On the island you will find many examples of traditional architecture that, over the years, have allowed the Balearic island to get the nickname of Isla Blanca. Just get lost in the back streets to admire how many white houses have been converted into restaurants or to discover some very white building submerged in nature.

Rural architecture in Ibiza
Rural architecture, Ibiza
Image by Vincent Marí

Ball pagès, the traditional Ibiza dance, stands out for being a unique folkloric representation in the Mediterranean. With centuries of antiquity and an uncertain origin, this ancient courtship dance takes place in all the popular festivals of the island and in the weekly performances scheduled during the summer tourist season.

Playing sports in Ibiza

By bike in Ibiza
By bike in Ibiza
Image by Jon Izeta

Finding a sport that suits you in Ibiza shouldn’t be difficult. After eating, shopping, sunbathing on the beach and maybe staying late at night, a little healthy sport would be good for anyone. A lot of greenery lends itself well to sports such as golf, horse riding, walking, running or cycling, while the sea and the beaches offer the canonical multitude of water sports such as kayaking, windsurfing, kitesurfing and much more.

It is almost superfluous to remember that Ibiza is also full of many sporting events throughout the year: marathon, half marathon, regattas, cycle tour, trial and much more. For professional and non-professional sportsmen, but also for all fans, in Ibiza there are always interesting events to follow.


What to do and see in Ibiza

Dalt Vila

Plaza de Vila, Ibiza
Plaza de Vila
Image by Aurelio Martinelli

All months are perfect for visiting the fortress district of Ibiza, although it is during the afternoons and summer evenings that you will find more “life” thanks to the restaurants open around the squares of Vila, Sa Carrossa and del Sol.
A walk to the cathedral and the castle will make you discover medieval palaces, secluded squares, art galleries and beautiful corners in the purest Mediterranean style.

The walls and ramparts: declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, the Renaissance citadel of Ibiza is the best preserved in the Mediterranean. It was built during the second half of the 16th century following the plan promoted by the monarchs Carlos I and Felipe II to modernize the military infrastructure of the strategic coastal territories of the Spanish Crown with the aim of improving the defense against attacks by the Ottoman Empire and others enemies of the time.
The complex, which was originally only accessed from the Portal de Ses Taules and the Portal Nou, is made up of seven bastions, of which the two on the western side are museumized: Sant Jaume and Sant Pere.
From the rest of the ramparts you can admire magnificent views of the city, the beaches of Ses Figueretes, Platja d’en Bossa, Es Cavallet and the nearby island of Formentera.

Museums:

  • Necropolis of Puig des Molins
  • Ibiza Museum of Contemporary Art(MACE)
  • Puget Museum
  • Cathedral and Diocesan Museum

The historic districts outside the walls: La Marina and Sa Penya maintain the port character of Mediterranean cities, with simple houses with white facades and a marked seafaring air. Located near the port, the streets of these neighborhoods are full of entertainment during the summer tourist season thanks to their boutiques, shops, bars, restaurants. Ice cream parlors and cafes, many with views of the marina and the luxurious boats that dock there. The Parque and Vara de Rey squares, with their remarkable colonial-style buildings, are worth a stop during a stroll through the center of Ibiza.

La Marina in te ebvening, Ibiza
La Marina
Image by Aurelio Martinelli
From Promoción Turística de Ibiza

7 things to do in Ibiza

  1. Go shopping in La Marina, Dalt Vila or Eixample, where Adlib fashion boutiques, stalls, traditional shops, national and international brands, art galleries, multi-brand shops await you.
  2. Take the water taxi that connects the district of La Marina with the promenade and the beach of Talamanca.
  3. See how the artisans work their pieces in the Sa Pedrera craft market, open to the public on Fridays.
  4. Enjoy the lively nightlife of the city, especially that of Dalt Vila, La Marina, the port, the promenade and Ses Figueretes.
  5. Walk along the walls from bastion to bastion, paying attention to its informative panels and museum spaces.
  6. Join the theatrical guided tours organized by the Municipality of Ibiza.
  7. Buy sweets in the cloistered convent of Sant Cristòfol, popularly known as Ses Monges Tancades (the closed nuns), and other Ibizan gastronomic products in the Mercat Nou and Mercat Vell markets.

Beaches

Talamanca, Ibiza
Talamanca, Ibiza
Image from Promoción Turística de Ibiza

The capital has accessible beaches where you can enjoy swimming and water sports. North of the town hall, in the bay of Talamanca, there is the 900-meter-long beach of the same name, with various services and catering. Closer to the historic center is the beach of Ses Figueretes, along which the district of the same name extends and a multitude of accommodation, restaurants, shops, cafes, bars and pubs. Following on from Ses Figueretes, there is Platja d’en Bossa, a long sandy beach shared by the municipalities of Ibiza and San Sant Josep which has one of the most developed tourist offers on the island.


8 things to do in Sant’Eulària

Las Dalias Market
Las Dalias market
Image from Promoción Turística de Ibiza
  1. Reach the islet of Tagomago by kayak or explore the stretches between Pou des Lleó and Canal d’en Martí and between Cala Llonga and Santa Eulària.
  2. Enjoy the rural landscape of Santa Gertrudis on horseback.
  3. Follow the circular trekking paths of the town hall, such as the one that goes up to the Torre d’en Vall.
  4. Surfing in Cala Martina and Cala Pada, getting started in the world of sailing on the beach of Santa Eulària and diving in Cala Llenya, Cala Mestella or Pou des Lle.
  5. Buy Ibizan-style souvenirs at the hippy markets of Las Dalias and Punta Arabí and visit the artisan market of Santa Gertrudis.
  6. Approach Sant Carles, Cala Nova and the hippy market of Las Dalias aboard a tourist train.
  7. Enjoy a trip along the east coast on board the ferry that connects the port of Ibiza with the tourist centers of Es Canar, Santa Eulària and Cala Llonga.
  8. Set foot on eleven shores in a single day following the Route of the Beaches, a circular route for mountain biking that passes through Cala Nova, Cala Llenya, Cala Mestella, Cala Boix, Es Figueral and S’Aigua Blanca, among other beaches.



The beaches of Sant’Eulària

Cala nova, Ibiza
Cala Nova
Image from Promoción Turística de Ibiza

Sandy beaches, steep cliffs rising from the coast, wild coves and a generous number of islets form the beautiful littoral landscape of Santa Eulària. Along its 46 kilometers, there are frequent shores of calm waters suitable for bathing children and with a wide range of services, such as Cala Llonga, Cala Pada, Cala Martina, Es Niu Blau, S’Argamassa, Es Canar, Platja des Riu de Santa Eulària and the urban beach of Santa Eulària, the first of the Balearic Islands to declare itself a “smoke-free beach” where smoking is not allowed.
The shores best known for their photogenic beauty are S’Aigua Blanca and Es Figueral – both overlooking the islet of Tagomago-, Cala Nova, Cala Llenya and Cala Boix – Ibiza’s only dark sand beach-, while the most intimate coves are Cala Mestella, Pou des Lleó, S’Estanyol and Cala Olivera.


What to do in San Josep

Es vedrà, Ibiza
Es vedrà, Ibiza
Image by Jamie Turek from Pixabay

The village of Sant Josep is quiet and surrounded by cultivated fields. Its small urban core has grown around its church and street. The temple was built in 1730 following the characteristics of popular Ibizan architecture and is the only church on the island with a sundial on the facade. You can have a coffee in the charming little square located in front of the temple, browse its shops and galleries and enjoy many local dishes in its many restaurants. In addition, fans of cinema and theater will find a rich program at the Can Jeron Culture Center.

The Phoenician settlement of Sa Caleta is located a few meters from the Es Bol Nou beach. This deposit is one of the four sites in Ibiza declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its origin as a settlement dates back to the 8th century BC. and you can see the remains of the urban layout and two ovens.

7 things to do in San Josep

  1. Visit the Ses Salines Interpretation Center near the church of Sant Francesc. Inside, information is provided on the ecological importance of the salt ponds, the dune strings, the Posidonia oceanica meadows and the cliffs of the natural park and on the numerous marine and terrestrial species that host these habitats, such as the pitiusa lizard (Podarcis pityusensis ), the seahorse (Hippocampus ramulosus), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), the flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus) or the stilt (Himantopus himantopus).
  2. Stroll along the coast in search of the surveillance towers in the south and west of Ibiza: Es Carregador or Sa Sal Rossa, Ses Portes, Es Savinar and En Rovira.
  3. See the Ibiza sunset from the various bars and cafes located in Portmany bay or from the shores of Cala Tarida, Port des Torrent or Platges de Comte.
  4. Practice numerous water activities in the bay of Portmany, and in the nearby tourist centers of Cala de Bou and Platja Pinet.
  5. Plan an excursion to discover the ecological and landscape values of the Natural Reserves of Es Vedrà, Es Vedranell and the western islets.
  6. Go to the Sant Josep market on Saturdays to look for local agricultural products (open during the summer tourist season) or take part in the colorful atmosphere of the Sant Jordi second-hand market (all year round).
  7. Climb to the top of Sa Talaia, the highest mountain in Ibiza with a height of 475 meters. It is one of the most attractive trips for hikers and cyclists in the municipality, as from the top you can enjoy a wonderful view over a large part of the island.

The beaches of San Josep

Platges de Comte
Platges de Comte
Image by Vincent Marí

Sant Josep has more than 20 beaches and coves for all tastes and needs, including Platja d’en Bossa, the longest sandy beach in Ibiza and one of the busiest thanks to the wide range of hotels, restaurants, clubs , pubs and water and nautical businesses.
The wild beaches of Ses Salines, Cala Jondal, Cala Bassa, the set of coves that make up Platges de Comte and Cala d’Hort stand out for their beauty and popularity, the best viewpoint on the famous islet of Es Vedrà. Other unique shores are Es Cavallet – of nudist tradition -, Cala Codolar, Es Bol Nou, Cala Carbó, Cala Molí or the beaches of Cala Vedella, Cala Tarida and Port des Torrent, with a family atmosphere.

What to do and see in Sant Antoni

Puesta de sol Sant Antoni
Puesta de sol Sant Antoni
Image by Menchu Redondo

The beauty of its bay, the spectacular sunsets with the Ponente islets in the background and a practically unchanged rural landscape are three of the great attractions of Sant Antoni, a destination open to all travelers that always surprises, whether near the sea or inland.

Sunset in Ses Variades: the stretch of the promenade between Caló des Moro and the breakwater is known as Ses Variades and during the summer it becomes one of the most visited places on the island thanks to the bars and cafes that play music at sunset, often offered by famous DJs.
Outside the summer tourist season, the promenade allows you to enjoy beautiful sunsets in a peaceful environment.

Route of the churches: the temple of Sant Antoni, whose origin dates back to the 14th century, is an excellent example of a Pythian church-fortress that still has its defensive tower and the starting point of this itinerary. Inland, the silhouettes of the small church of Santa Agnès, whose portico is located near the ancient main entrance, and the temple of Sant Mateu, crowned by a simple bell gable, give a singular beauty to the rural landscape of both. valleys.
For its part, a visit to the church of Sant Rafel, built in the late eighteenth century, offers an excellent view of the city of Ibiza and a curvilinear bell tower that gives lightness to the austere facade.

Almond blossom
Almond blossom
Image from Promoción Turística de Ibiza

Santa Agnès and the almond trees: this small hamlet is located in the Pla de Corona valley, one of the most peaceful places in Ibiza. The best time to visit is between January and February, when its hundreds of almond trees bloom.

The vineyards of Sant Mateu: the north of the municipality is traditionally linked to wine production and currently hosts the plants of two wineries on the island that produce wines with I.G.P. Ibiza, Vino de la Tierra | Vi de la Terra.

5 things to do in Sant Antoni

  1. Practicing water and nautical sports offered in the bay: diving, sailing, kitesurfing, paddle surfing, water skiing, parasailing, jet skis, kayaking, fishing …
  2. Enjoy a boat trip to admire the beauty of the cliffs of Ses Balandres and Cala d’Albarca, as well as the Natural Reserves of Es Vedrà, Es Vedranell and the islets to the west.
  3. Walk the coastal path that connects Sant Antoni to Cala Salada, go cycling in the area known as Es Broll, stroll through the Pla de Corona until you reach the cliff overlooking the islets of Ses Margalides
  4. Buy local products in the Forada Market (Saturday), at the Sant Antoni Agricultural Market (Friday) or at the Sant Rafel Handicraft Market (Thursday, from July to September).
  5. Visit a winery to taste the wines of the island.

The beaches of Sant Antoni

Cala Gració
Cala Gració

Sant Antoni is home to coves and beaches ideal for children who also stand out for the beauty of the environment or its views. Within the urban core of Sant Antoni there are the beaches of Es Puetó, S’Arenal and Caló des Moro, which are added to the beaches of the bay that administratively belong to Sant Josep.
A few minutes by car or bus from the town are Cala Gració and Cala Gracioneta, two coves surrounded by pine trees, separated by a small promontory; the turquoise waters of the photogenic coastline formed by Cala Salada and Cala Saladeta – one of the most photographed in Ibiza – and the stone terraces of Punta Galera, an ancient stone quarry that has become a favorite place for nudist practitioners.

What to do and see in Sant Joan

Sant Miquel church
Sant Miquel church
Image by Vincent Marí

Sant Joan and its church: the town that gives its name to the town hall is a quiet and charming place, whose few houses are located along the road and around the church dedicated to an John the Baptist. The temple, completed in 1770, is structured around a single rectangular nave with a ribbed vault and seven side chapels. Other hallmarks of the temple are its bell tower, built in the 19th century, and its portico with two arches. On Sundays, the square in front of the church becomes a meeting point for visitors who go to the artisan and gastronomic market.

6 things to do in Sant Joan

  1. Admire the beauty of the cliffs of northern Ibiza aboard the excursion boats that depart from Portinatx.
  2. Explore the surroundings of the beaches of Portinatx, Port de Sant Miquel and Cala de Sant Vicent on a paddle surf board or on a pedal boat.
  3. Follow the itinerary that leads to Punta des Moscarter and the homonymous lighthouse, the highest in the Balearic Islands; or walk down to the remote virgin cove of Es Portitxol, on the coast of Sant Miquel.
  4. Admire the fabulous views from the top of the Torre des Molar, located a few kilometers from the Port de Sant Miquel and where you arrive after a trek.
  5. Buy handicrafts and agricultural products from the north of Ibiza at the Sant Joan Sunday market.
  6. Get on the tourist train that leaves from Portinatx and discover some of the most beautiful corners of the north of the island.

The beaches of San Joan

Cala de Sant Vicent
Cala de Sant Vicent
Images from Promoción Turística de Ibiza

The north coast is home to coves for all tastes, from those with all services to those hidden under the cliffs, suitable for those who want to get away from the hustle and bustle or practice nudism. The beaches of Port de Sant Miquel, Cala de Sant Vicent, S’Arenal Gran, S’Arenal Petit and Port de Portinatx have equipment, restaurants, shops and water activity rentals, making them a very suitable choice for families.
Benirràs is also very popular, thanks to its hippy environment, its sunsets and the uniqueness of the landscape of its fishermen’s cottages with the islet of Cap Bernat. The remaining coves of Sant Joan are perfect for those who do not need services or for those who simply want a kiosk close at hand to be able to rent sunbeds and umbrellas: Cala de Xarraca, Cala des Xuclar, Cala d’en Serra, S’Illot des Renclí, Es Pas de s’Illa and Caló des Moltons.